A common stereotype for marijuana users is that they always have a munch. There is a body of evidence that long-term cannabis use can lead to weight gain, especially in men. That said, the effect on body weight depends on the plant strain, dose, route of administration, and frequency of use.
Effect of marijuana on Weight Increase
Different strains of marijuana contain varying concentrations of cannabinoids, including tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), cannabidiol (CBD), and terpenes. These psychotropic chemicals act on the CB1 and CB2 receptors in the brain that make up the endocannabinoid system. The endocannabinoid system plays an important role in regulating appetite, stress, and pain sensations, among other factors that influence weight gain.
Cannabis, whether smoked or eaten, affects the neurobiological circuits that control appetite, temporarily increasing “munch”. According to a 2015 study by Yale University School of Medicine, activation of the CB1 receptor, which is acted on by THC, increases feeding behavior, and leads to decreased neuronal activity that causes satiety.
Its effects are known to be substantial and can be used in the medical setting to stimulate the appetite of people with cancer, advanced HIV infection, and other serious medical conditions.
However, the appetite stimulus does not essentially translate into weight gain. Within the HIV population, marijuana can help control weight loss, but it rarely restores the wasting that can be associated with serious illness.
This suggests that appetite stimulation is only part of what causes weight gain in certain cannabis users.
Impact on athletic accomplishment
Cannabis users have been observed to show a significant decrease in performance, stability, reaction time, and psychomotor performance for up to 6 hours after use. This makes exercises like rock climbing and weightlifting more dangerous and, along with the muscle-relaxing properties of certain tensions, can promote weight gain simply by reducing a person’s athletic performance.
Studies show that THC significantly increases resting heart rate (RHR) and blood pressure during and after physical training and reduces an individual’s overall exercise tolerance.
Nonetheless, cannabis has been shown to reduce pain2 and inhibit exercise-induced asthma3. It serves as a simple exercise aid that patients with chronic illness could not otherwise have done.
When many pain patients switch to medical cannabis for pain management in state-legal locations, it is important to study these effects more thoroughly.
Even if light exercise is not adversely affected by cannabis use, it is still unlikely to lead to peak performance.
Body mass index (BMI)
Peripheral cannabinoid receptors activated by THC are involved in the regulation of pancreatic function and lipid metabolism. Cannabis smokers have higher levels of abdominal visceral fat and increased insulin resistance in addition to lower plasma HDL cholesterol compared to non-users, according to a 2015 study published by the American Diabetes Association There is a tendency. Four
It has been suggested that cannabis strains with high to moderately high THC are more likely to cause weight gain, especially among normal users.
Between healthy people who regularly use cannabis, there is a huge difference in the effect of drugs on weight, whether male or female.
A 2015 study by University of Montreal researchers found that cannabis use caused significant and consistent weight gain in men, but not in women.
The reason for this is unknown, but scientists have suggested that it is partly due to different neurobiological targets and general psychology.